Connected: An Internet Encyclopedia
9.1. Specification 1

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9.1. Specification 1

9.1. Specification 1

This section defines the first specification of these options. Implementations which are configured in this way can be said to support Kerberos Version 5 Specification 1 (5.1).

Encryption and checksum methods

The following encryption and checksum mechanisms must be supported. Implementations may support other mechanisms as well, but the additional mechanisms may only be used when communicating with principals known to also support them: Encryption: DES-CBC-MD5 Checksums: CRC-32, DES-MAC, DES-MAC-K, and DES-MD5

Realm Names

All implementations must understand hierarchical realms in both the Internet Domain and the X.500 style. When a ticket granting ticket for an unknown realm is requested, the KDC must be able to determine the names of the intermediate realms between the KDCs realm and the requested realm.

Transited field encoding

DOMAIN-X500-COMPRESS (described in section must be supported. Alternative encodings may be supported, but they may be used only when that encoding is supported by ALL intermediate realms.

Pre-authentication methods

The TGS-REQ method must be supported. The TGS-REQ method is not used on the initial request. The PA-ENC-TIMESTAMP method must be supported by clients but whether it is enabled by default may be determined on a realm by realm basis. If not used in the initial request and the error KDC_ERR_PREAUTH_REQUIRED is returned specifying PA-ENCTIMESTAMP as an acceptable method, the client should retry the initial request using the PA-ENC-TIMESTAMP preauthentication method. Servers need not support the PAENC-TIMESTAMP method, but if not supported the server should ignore the presence of PA-ENC-TIMESTAMP pre-authentication in a request.

Mutual authentication

Mutual authentication (via the KRB_AP_REP message) must be supported.

Ticket addresses and flags

All KDC's must pass on tickets that carry no addresses (i.e., if a TGT contains no addresses, the KDC will return derivative tickets), but each realm may set its own policy for issuing such tickets, and each application server will set its own policy with respect to accepting them. By default, servers should not accept them.

Proxies and forwarded tickets must be supported. Individual realms and application servers can set their own policy on when such tickets will be accepted.

All implementations must recognize renewable and postdated tickets, but need not actually implement them. If these options are not supported, the starttime and endtime in the ticket shall specify a ticket's entire useful life. When a postdated ticket is decoded by a server, all implementations shall make the presence of the postdated flag visible to the calling server.

User-to-user authentication

Support for user to user authentication (via the ENC-TKTIN-SKEY KDC option) must be provided by implementations, but individual realms may decide as a matter of policy to reject such requests on a per- principal or realm-wide basis.

Authorization data

Implementations must pass all authorization data subfields from ticket-granting tickets to any derivative tickets unless directed to suppress a subfield as part of the definition of that registered subfield type (it is never incorrect to pass on a subfield, and no registered subfield types presently specify suppression at the KDC).

Implementations must make the contents of any authorization data subfields available to the server when a ticket is used. Implementations are not required to allow clients to specify the contents of the authorization data fields.

Next: 9.2. Recommended KDC values

Connected: An Internet Encyclopedia
9.1. Specification 1